Lower Extremity (The Leg)

Hamstring injuries occur when any of the three tendons or muscles are stretched beyond their limit.  This often occurs during sudden, explosive movements, such as sprinting, lunging or jumping. But they can also occur more gradually, or during slower movements that place undue stress and strain your hamstring. 
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Iiotibial band syndrome is caused by excessive friction or rubbing of the iliotibial band over the underlying bursa as it crosses over, and inserts into the outside of the knee.  Often the result of repetitive knee-bending activities, this is an overuse injury usually seen in runners, walkers or those that require running or walking as part of their sport.   
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Calf muscle ( the Gastrocnemius and Soleus) strains usually occur during acceleration or changes in direction such as a change of running speed. However, there is a small percentage of the populations who can tear their calf muscle by simply walking.
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Overuse of the Achilles tendon may cause the tendon to swell, become irritated, inflamed, and painful; this is Achilles tendinitis. Common for runners, Achilles tendonitis can affect to anyone who puts increased stress on their feet (e.g., basketball players and dancers).  Left untreated, Achilles tendonitis leads to plantar fasciitis and Achilles Tendon rupture.  
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Typically, groin strains occur in the muscles of the upper inner thigh near the pubic bone or in the front of the hip; they involve the hamstring and the abdominals too.  Groin strains can occur during sprinting or any type of activity requiring forceful movement of the leg, such as jumping, kicking the leg up, or changing directions while running.
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